NAME

Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS - Interface to HAFAS-based online arrival/departure monitors

SYNOPSIS

	use Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS;

	my $status = Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS->new(
		station => 'Essen Hbf',
	);

	if (my $err = $status->errstr) {
		die("Request error: ${err}\n");
	}

	for my $departure ($status->results) {
		printf(
			"At %s: %s to %s from platform %s\n",
			$departure->time,
			$departure->line,
			$departure->destination,
			$departure->platform,
		);
	}

VERSION

version 2.02

DESCRIPTION

Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS is an interface to HAFAS-based arrival/departure monitors, for instance the one available at http://reiseauskunft.bahn.de/bin/bhftafel.exe/dn.

It takes a station name and (optional) date and time and reports all arrivals or departures at that station starting at the specified point in time (now if unspecified).

METHODS

my $status = Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS->new(%opts)

Requests the departures/arrivals as specified by opts and returns a new Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS element with the results. Dies if the wrong opts were passed.

Supported opts are:

station => station

The station or stop to report for, e.g. "Essen HBf" or "Alfredusbad, Essen (Ruhr)". Mandatory.

date => dd.mm.yyyy

Date to report for. Defaults to the current day.

excluded_mots => [mot1, mot2, ...]

By default, all modes of transport (trains, trams, buses etc.) are returned. If this option is set, all modes appearing in mot1, mot2, ... will be excluded. The supported modes depend on service, use get_services or get_service to get the supported values.

Note that this parameter does not work if the url parameter is set.

exclusive_mots => [mot1, mot2, ...]

If this option is set, only the modes of transport appearing in mot1, mot2, ... will be returned. The supported modes depend on service, use get_services or get_service to get the supported values.

Note that this parameter does not work if the url parameter is set.

language => language

Set language for additional information. Accepted arguments are deutsch, english, italian and n (dutch), depending on the used service.

lwp_options => \%hashref

Passed on to LWP::UserAgent->new. Defaults to { timeout => 10 }, you can use an empty hashref to override it.

mode => arr|dep

By default, Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS reports train departures (dep). Set this to arr to get arrivals instead.

service => service

Request results from service, defaults to "DB". See get_services (and hafas-m --list) for a list of supported services.

time => hh:mm

Time to report for. Defaults to now.

url => url

Request results from url, defaults to the one belonging to service.

$status->errcode

In case of an error in the HAFAS backend, returns the corresponding error code as string. If no backend error occurred, returns undef.

$status->errstr

In case of an error in the HTTP request or HAFAS backend, returns a string describing it. If no error occurred, returns undef.

$status->results

Returns a list of arrivals/departures. Each list element is a Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::Result(3pm) object.

If no matching results were found or the parser / http request failed, returns undef.

$status->similar_stops

Returns a list of hashrefs describing stops whose name is similar to the one requested in the constructor's station parameter. Returns nothing if the active service does not support this feature. This is most useful if errcode returns 'H730', which means that the HAFAS backend could not identify the stop.

See Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::StopFinder(3pm)'s results method for details on the return value.

$status->get_active_service

Returns a hashref describing the active service when a service is active and nothing otherwise. The hashref contains the keys url (URL to the station board service), stopfinder (URL to the stopfinder service, if supported), name, and productbits (arrayref describing the supported modes of transport, may contain duplicates).

Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::get_services()

Returns an array containing all supported HAFAS services. Each element is a hashref and contains all keys mentioned in get_active_service. It also contains a shortname key, which is the service name used by the constructor's service parameter.

Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::get_service($service)

Returns a hashref describing the service $service. Returns nothing if $service is not supported. See get_active_service for the hashref layout.

DIAGNOSTICS

None.

DEPENDENCIES

* Class::Accessor(3pm)
* DateTime(3pm)
* DateTime::Format::Strptime(3pm)
* LWP::UserAgent(3pm)
* XML::LibXML(3pm)

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

The non-default services (anything other than DB) are not well tested.

SEE ALSO

Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::Result(3pm), Travel::Status::DE::HAFAS::StopFinder(3pm).

AUTHOR

Copyright (C) 2015-2017 by Daniel Friesel <derf@finalrewind.org>

LICENSE

This module is licensed under the same terms as Perl itself.